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Actus Reus & Omissions

In order for somebody to be liable for a crime, there needs to be a number of tests put forward to ensure a defendant is liable for a crime. Actus Reus This is the ‘act’ part of a crime, or somebody’s ‘failure to act’ (an omission). An omission can include a common law duty, a contractual duty ¬†[R v Pittwood]¬†Pittwood was a railroad crossing operator whom forgot to close the gates. A man was killed at the crossing...

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Defamation

Defamation

Lowering the reputation of another in the minds of right-thinking individuals.

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Psychiatric Injury

Psychiatric Injury

The damage caused to a victim of shock.

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Negligence

Negligence

The duty held to act responsible for those your actions affect.

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Privacy

Privacy

A person’s right to a private life and seclusion from the public in certain areas of life.

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Employers’ Liability

Employers’ Liability

The duty held by an employer, not to subject employees to an unnecessary risk.

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Occupiers Liability

Occupiers Liability

The duty you hold to a visitor or trespasser on your premises.

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Contract Law

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Vicarious Liability

Vicarious Liability

One person being liable for the tort of another. E.g. An employer being responsable for their employee’s actions.